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Eye Glasses for Babies & Children

Vision care for children is an essential part of every child's development. Good vision and academic performance are closely linked. Experts say a large portion of what your son or daughter learns is through visual presentation. Beginning in infancy, children should have routine eye exams to detect poor vision as well as health-related eye problems.


Vision care for children is an essential part of every child's developmentChildren need the following basic skills for good eyesight and learning:

  • Near vision

  • Distance vision

  • Binocular (two eyes) coordination

  • Eye movement skills

  • Focusing skills

  • Peripheral awareness

  • Hand-eye coordination



At what age should my child have his first eye exam?

During the first several months of life, a baby can focus only on objects that are close up and seen mostly in high contrast colors such as black, white, or red. Around six months of age, a baby's visual acuity becomes sharper. Color is seen more accurately and eye movement and hand-eye coordination skills are keener. At that stage, an eye exam should be administered by a doctor to determine if both eyes are working together as a team. An eye exam during early development can prevent a lifetime of poor vision in one or both of your child's eyes. If risk factors for vision problems are present, an eye exam should be completed earlier than six months of age.


Routine eye exams for children

Routine eye exams for children can detect vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness, astigmatism and the overall health of the eyes. During your child's eye exam, the eye doctor will check for amblyopia, strabismus and other eye disorders that could affect your child's vision development. How often should children have eye exams? In general, risk-free children should have their first eye exam at six months of age, at age three, just before starting school and every two years until age 18. Children who have risk factors for vision problems may need an eye exam earlier than six months of age and more frequently. Regular eye exams to detect vision problems and eye health are essential to success in school, sports and other activities. It is best to detect and treat vision problems as early as possible. Some vision problems, such as amblyopia (lazy eye), have the most successful treatment if detected early during vision system development.


Factors that may indicate vision problems include:

  • A history of prematurity

  • Delayed motor development

  • Frequent eye rubbing

  • Excessive blinking

  • Failure to maintain eye contact

  • Inability to maintain a gaze (fixation) while looking at objects

  • Poor eye tracking skills